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Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders form a cluster of psychological ailments marked by an overwhelming sense of fear, unease, or apprehension. The impact of anxiety can vary from mild to severe, disrupting a person’s capacity to carry out their everyday activities. Among the recognized types of anxiety disorders are generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias.

If you or someone you know is suffering from Anxiety Disorders and you feel you need someone to talk to. Please contact our helpline on 0808 115 1505 for confidential support.

The symptoms of anxiety disorders vary depending on the person and their specific type of anxiety disorder, but common symptoms include:

  • Constant and overwhelming apprehension or dread concerning routine situations or occurrences.
  • Avoidance of specific situations, circumstances or locations
  • Struggles with managing worry or fear
  • Physical symptoms including an accelerated heartbeat, perspiration, tremors, and respiratory distress
  • Experiencing unease, restlessness, or irritability
  • Fatigue or difficulty sleeping
  • Difficulty maintaining focus or concentration on tasks.

Treatment Options

CBT Therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) operates on the premise that our thoughts, emotions, physical experiences, and behaviours are interwoven and that unconstructive thoughts and emotions can ensnare us in a detrimental loop. The primary objective of CBT is to empower individuals to confront overwhelming challenges with a more optimistic mindset by dissecting them into manageable components. CBT provides practical techniques to transform these negative patterns, leading to a noticeable enhancement in emotional well-being. Dissimilar to certain other therapeutic approaches, CBT concentrates on addressing present concerns rather than delving into past issues. Its focus lies in discovering tangible and actionable methods to foster a healthier state of mind in day-to-day life.


In case the previous psychological treatments have not provided the desired relief or if you prefer to explore other options, medication might be presented as an alternative. Your GP has the authority to prescribe various types of medication to address GAD. Some medications are meant for short-term use, while others may be prescribed for more extended periods. Depending on your specific symptoms, you may require medication to address both the physical and psychological aspects of your condition. If you are contemplating medication for GAD, your GP will thoroughly discuss the available options with you. This will include detailed information about the different types of medication, treatment duration, potential side effects, and possible interactions with other medications. This discussion will take place before starting any course of treatment. Throughout your medication journey for GAD, it is important to have regular appointments with your doctor to assess your progress. Typically, these appointments will occur every two to four weeks during the initial three months, and then every three months thereafter. If you suspect you may be experiencing any side effects from your medication, do not hesitate to inform your GP. They can make necessary adjustments to your dosage or consider prescribing an alternative medication. Below, we provide an overview of the main medications that might be offered for GAD treatment. Remember, never discontinue your medication or alter the dosage without consulting your GP, as this can lead to harmful side effects.

Discover coping strategies


Being depressed can leave you feeling low in energy, which might put you off being more active. Regular exercise can boost your mood if you have depression, and it's especially useful for people with mild to moderate depression. Any type of exercise is useful, as long as it suits you and you do enough of it. Exercise should be something you enjoy; otherwise, it will be hard to find the motivation to do it regularly.

Art Therapy

Art therapy involves using art and discussion with an art psychotherapist. Using art materials can help you to express your thoughts and feelings and it can provide another way of communicating when it is hard to talk. You do not have to be good at art; the aim is not to improve your skills. In art therapy you will have time to talk and think about your difficulties with the art psychotherapist and it may help you to understand yourself better, gain insight and for change to occur. Art therapy focuses on your feelings and how they affect your life so it can make you feel emotional during and after a session. Art therapy takes place as individual one to one sessions or within group settings.