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A phobia represents an overwhelming and paralyzing fear of an object, place, situation, emotion, or creature.

Phobias stand out as more intense than regular fears. They arise when an individual possesses an exaggerated or irrational perception of danger related to a particular situation or object.

In cases where a phobia becomes extremely severe, an individual might rearrange their life to evade the source of their anxiety. This not only limits their daily activities but also brings about considerable distress.

If you or someone you know is suffering from Phobias and you feel you need someone to talk to. Please contact our helpline on 0808 115 1505 for confidential support.

Signs of a Phobia

A phobia is categorized as a form of anxiety disorder. Symptoms may not manifest until the individual encounters the source of their phobia.

Yet, in certain instances, simply thinking about the object of the phobia can trigger feelings of anxiety or panic, known as anticipatory anxiety. Symptoms might encompass:

  • Dizziness and lightheadedness
  • Nausea
  • Excessive sweating
  • Accelerated heart rate or palpitations
  • Shortness of breath
  • Trembling or shaking
  • Upset stomach

When interactions with the phobia’s source are infrequent, its impact on day-to-day life may be minimal. However, for complex phobias like agoraphobia, leading a normal life can become exceptionally challenging.

Treatment Options


The NHS suggest counselling, a talking therapy that involves a trained therapist listening to you and helping you find ways to deal with emotional issues.


Talking therapies treat mental issues like stress, anxiety, and depression. They vary but involve a trained therapist, often one-on-one, in groups, online, or with family/partner. Therapist aids understanding and coping. One therapy might suit better, as per condition.

Cognitive behavioural therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a form of talk therapy aiding problem management through altering thought and behaviour patterns.

Discover coping strategies

Lifestyle changes

Modifying your lifestyle in uncomplicated ways might alleviate phobia symptoms, including panic attacks.

Breathing exercises

In just a few minutes, practice this soothing breathing method to manage stress, anxiety, and panic no matter where you are.